The first thing you need to do when learning how to train a dog is familiarize them with wearing a collar, walking on a leash and hanging out in their new dog crate.
Before you bought your puppy, they lived with a breeder who required little of them. Although they may have had some limitations on where they could roam, their former home was largely unrestricted and free from collars and leashes. Therefore, it is important to begin training your new puppy with a collar, leash and crate as soon as you get them home. This is a very important step in learning how to train a dog, and it will facilitate all of your future training and quickly establish a learning environment.
Unfortunately, your new dog will probably not be thrilled with your initial training steps. To them, your restrictions represent a loss of freedom and they may stubbornly rebel against the new rules. You can eliminate this rebellion by treating the newly introduced behavior as a game rather than a battle of wills. If you try and force your new puppy to obediently stroll along on their leash, they just may sit down and refuse to budge an inch. Instead of tugging on their leash and dragging them about, entice your puppy to obey with playful verbal coaxing or by tempting with a toy. Now your dog thinks you’re playing with them, and they will be much more eager to comply with your requests.
When you are learning how to train a dog, don’t treat the leash as a way to control your dog. Instead think of your puppy’s leash as a connection between the two of you and a way for you to protect your dog from getting into trouble. If you give your dog freedom to explore while out walking on the leash, they will not view it as restrictive and are less likely to object to wearing their leash. Once you show your new puppy that the leash is not the enemy, they will be excited to put on the leash because it will represent fun time with you.
When leash training your new puppy, it is a good idea to have them wear their leash around the house and not just when they go outside. Use a leash that is approximately 4-6 feet long, and keep it on your dog as you go about your business throughout the house. This gives your dog freedom to explore their new home while allowing you to keep your eye on them. If your puppy is only a few feet away from you, they are less likely to get into trouble. This also gives you the chance to correct any bad behavior you observe.
When learning how to train a dog, it is vital for you to consider your new puppy’s feelings. They have just experienced a major upheaval and this is stressful for them. Gently introducing your new dog to new social situations will help keep them happy and stress-free during their first few weeks in your home. Have your friends stop by to meet you new addition, and allow your kids to bring a friend or two over to play. The attention will be comforting and fun for your pup, as long as it isn’t too much. Bringing in too many outsiders can be overwhelming for a new puppy, so always use good judgment.
When your puppy starts growing comfortable with their new surroundings, you can begin teaching them some introductory obedience behaviors: sitting on command, coming when called. This is also when you will introduce rewards for good behavior and start to correct bad behavior.